Upright at the end of Lippestad (Both Ways)

Muskap was formed in 1975 by the composers and musicians Jean-Francois Doucet, Jon Christophersen, Harold Clark and Anthony Barnett. The quartet was inspired by Karlheinz Stockhausen’s concepts about Intuitive Musik and contemprorary ideas in music regarding improvisation and open aesthetics. This resulted in a sound that draws resemblance to free jazz as well as chamber music. Muskap is an example of early improvised music in Norway.

The quartet rehearsed and performed regularly at the Henie Onstad Art Centre, located at Høvikodden outside of Oslo, where the band member Harold Clark was the leader for NSEM (Norwegian Studio for Electronic Music). The material on Upright at the End of Lippestad (Both Ways) was recorded in NSEM in 1976 and uses the studio’s legendary Buchla-synthesizers.

Upright at the End of Lippesta (Both Ways) was originally scheduled for a release on the Norwegian record label Compendium Records in 1976, but since the label folded the same year the record never came out. The mastertapes was then stored in the archives for 35 years until they’re now finally released in a newly mastered version with liner notes by Olav Anton Thommessen.

Prisma Records is proud to present this entrancing and original band for the first time to celebrate the 35th anniversary of the recordings.

About the musicians:

Anthony Barnett – Percussion, miscellaneous instruments
Born September 1941 on London. He is the author of “Poem about Music”, “A Marriage”, “Blood Flow”, and has edited “The Literary Supplement”. He has performed with Don Cherry and Derek Bailey, and worked with John Tchicai in Denmark from 1969 to 1972. He founded the Roy Ashbury-Anthony Barnett Percussion Duo in 1977. Anthony currently contributes a column entitled Antonyms to the journal of the English Association, The Use of English, he is an advisory editor to Shuffle Boil: A Magazine of Poets and Music published from San Francisco and runs AB Fable Violin Improvisation Studies and Allardyce Book at Allardyce, Barnett, Publishers

Jon Christophersen – Alto clarinet
Born January 1946 in Oslo. Studied architecture at Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich and Edinburgh College of Art/Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh. He performed spontaneous music in Scotland and England with groups connected with the Traverse Theatre and Edinburgh Combination (1967-69), worked with the English poet Tony Jackson in 1969 and with the Norwegian composers Lasse Thoresen and Olav Anton Thommessen in the spontaneous music collective Symfrones (1970-71). He later arranged music and played various clarinets in the Brecht Ensemble in Norway, but left music for architectural research in the mid 1980s. His research works have been widely published both at home and abroad.

Hal Clark – Bass, Voice, NSEM Electronic Studio
Born January 1949 in a Mid-Western American farm town. Studied music composition at the University of California, Oslo Musikkonservatorium with Finn Mortensen and the University of York, U.K. Studied bass with Bert Turetzky. He has performed with various orchestras and ensembles, worked with composers Arne Nordheim, Mauricio Kagel and co-founded the Norwegian Studio for Electronic Music at the Henie Onstad Art Centre in the 1970s. As a researcher, Hal has written “Steps to an Ecology of Contemporary Music”, inspired by anthropologist Gregory Bateson.

Jean-Francois Doucet – Flute and piccolo
Born June 1946 in Juvisy, France. Studied engineering at Lycee St. Louis and École Nationale Superieure de Industries Agricoles et Alinmentaires. In addition to being employed as an industrial food production researcher in different parts of Europe, he has played flute with Grenadier Regiment, Berlin and with a variety of radical political groups in France from 1971 to 1974. He is now a research consultant at the Oslo University.